If you are looking at insulation for your home, there are more choices than blown cellulose and pink fiberglass. Expanding spray foam insulation is increasingly popular due to its many benefits.
Expanding spray foam insulation is made of polyurethane or acrylic latex. The foam has been used in refrigerators and water heaters for many years.
Liquid polyurethane is pressurized and released through spray nozzles. When the spray lands on surfaces it expands and foams up, then hardens to a aerated material. Traditional insulation such as cellulose wool or spun fiberglass leave gaps and voids when applied as ceiling and wall insulation. Expanding spray foam insulation fills out to all cracks and into seams even if they are hidden from view. The sealing ability can practically eliminate air flow and energy transfer.
Insulation in the roof and walls is clearly beneficial for its ability to reduce heating and cooling losses and costs. The savings achieved by reducing heat transfer by conduction justifies the cost of adequate insulation.
But don’t forget that convection is another source of heat transfer when air moves between two spaces. Minimizing or controlling losses via convection is desirable but requires more consideration. Adequate outside air is necessary for breathing, and sufficient air transfer is required to ventilate other gases and odors from interior spaces.
Most homes are so leaky that there is plenty of opportunity for air to intrude and be enough for the occupants. However, as structures become more air-tight and interior materials become more synthetic, there is the possibility that the indoor air quality is compromised.